Natural disasters is a common and widely spread issue, as a result we need to prevent it everywhere it’s possible, prepare ourselves for instant respond to disasters of any size and power, that may cause aftermath for human kind, perfectly planned actions could minimize the life loss rate. In order to provide quick recovery and necessary treatment, people might succeed in this goal and prevent major cataclysms, and immense disasters in general, but it is a complicated task and question. Why it is so difficult? Because success requires an effective planning for disaster management and collaboration among different levels of local and foreign organizations in the private sector. Each person may contribute itself to success including knowledge of evacuation routes, orders or just having a counterpart, that may provide you with agenda or supplies. Such natural disasters as flash floods, tsunamis, and earthquakes, should also be prevented. These prevented theories include evaluation and realization of preparedness system, including readiness for pandemic period; by evaluating regional and domestic capabilities and the use of federal grants to enhance those capabilities; examining regional and multistage plan and preparation.
The last, but not the least, we should think about warnings, throughout media, newspapers, radio. The goal of any warning system is to increase the number of individuals who may take extremely right choices and provide vital actions, that might safe their lives and properties. In order to prevent tsunamis or earthquakes, we have to use the help of satellites, TV and radio is the main means of a timely communication of world-wide information to the public. The TV and radio segment is divided into national, regional, international and should also play a role in the nature and address of warnings. Regarding floods, what should be done:
1. observation and collection of data from field stations;
2. transmission of data from field stations to forecasting centers
3. data processing and formulation of forecasts at the forecasting centers;
4. dissemination of forecast;
5. forecast monitoring and evaluation
Bringing early warning to the people via electronic technology. The emerging development of new electronic networks, such as the Internet, provides a timely and revolutionary option for rapid actions. A review of Internet sites and applications reveals that warning information concerning a number of hazard-types is now emerging. Some of the most prominent are in the areas of meteorology and hydrology, vulcanology, wild land fires and tsunamis. Therefore the storm surges and river floods, flash floods, with their sudden onset and the erratic distribution of their location, are still a problem for forecasters. Basically, the only solution can be a rainfall forecast and an immediate assessment of precipitation volumes in the respective catchment be the solution. Early warning systems for earthquakes includes action applications, that consists of shutting down critical facilities in the widest sense, ranging from disk drives on computers to critical components in industrial plants and in energy distribution networks. Furthermore, emergency generators can be started and alarm plans in general can be activated before the event strikes. Trains and elevators can be stopped. One specific example which deserves mentioning is opening fire station doors so that fire engines are not caught inside. Almost all of thee options have direct relevance to the insurance business in that insured losses may be prevented or reduced as a result. We should bare in mind several key point during the evacuation or preparation for disaster. The main goals for people to guarantee personal safety, preventing malfunctions in critical or important public and private facilities, making sure that infrastructure (such as lifeline) remains intact or can be restored quickly, providing the time needed to evacuate the people or to move them and sensitive items to a safe place, and protecting structures, building elements and equipment. Behind all these goals, we should avert loss of life, minimizing injuries, reduce property damage and shorten interruptions in public life, business and production processes.
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