Philosophy is the understanding of different opinions. Philosophy enables a person to understand that an opinion may be right, wrong. It also helps a person to understand an incomplete teaching in the simplest way that one understands. Philosophy is very different from the other disciplines like religion and science. This is because it is not complex. It primarily focuses on logical arguments between two or more people. In addition, the use of philosophy requires a standard way of evaluation.
Lewis Vaughn, a renowned philosopher states that the composition of philosophy comprises free will, thinking, and determinism. Free will is a virtue of accessing whatever one ones at any time. It enables one to do whatever he wants. Free will gives a person the choice of determining the truth from the lies. Vaughn goes on to clear state that determinism and freedom results to causation with voluntary freedom (8). Philosopher Kant’s theory of transcendental idealism argues that the standard of valuation allows an individual to look at different arguments from a rational point of view.
He explains that knowledge can either debated from a rational or practical point of view (58). In his view, Kant stated that knowledge is not acquired from only experience and reason. This is because the truth in objects can sometimes be impaired by our judgments. This essentially means that what we think of an object will determine what our next action on the same object will be.
. Kant gives an example of how a flower can attract different thoughts from different people. The different thoughts on the flower notwithstanding, the truth of the matter is that there is a flower to begin with which is the source of argument (61).
Dualism plays a major role in evaluation of philosophical standards. This is because it contracts the mind from the body during different times. This in turn creates a source of attention. Dualism is the distinction and independence of the mind from the body. Dualists insist that there is an essential difference between the mind and the body and that both assume different and independent forms and structures. However, philosopher Aristotle disagrees with the concept of dualism as a standard for evaluation. In his defense, Aristotle states that the mind and the body function simultaneously and one cannot function without the other since the mind is not physical. He further gives an example of how an eye, in its given nature, is sensitive to light, the same eye is not sensitive to sound just as the ear is sensitive to sound and not sensitive to light. This means that if the intellect was in physical form, it could be resistive to a limited range of physical things, which is not the case (Aristotle 22)
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