What one needs to understand about insanity plea is that the person is most likely to be found not guilty when they are found to be legally insane. The reason for that will be insanity. However, a person may also be found guilty. In this case the punishment may be less severe, though.
As you have already understood, the defendant needs to prove to the court that she or he did not understand what she or he was doing. Apart from that, such defendants need to prove that they do not know right from wrong.
Not every state in the United States of America allows insanity defense. In order to determine whether the defendant is legally insane, the following tests are used: the “Irresistible Impulse” test, the “M’Naghten rule”, the “Durham rule” and the “Model Penal Code” test for legal insanity. In case you need to come up with a properly conducted research regarding the issue in question, you will definitely need to learn more about the ways in which this law is applied in each particular state. Find out more about this topic here … Insanity plea
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